Which is a better pet, Border Collie or Kangal?

Despite their apparent differences in appearance and temperament, dog lovers hold a particular place in their hearts for the Border Collie and the Kangal. This piece will examine their origins, physical looks, personalities, proper care and upkeep requirements, health issues, and overall expenditures. When you finish reading, you’ll know if a Border Collie or a Kangal will be a better pet for you.

Characteristics of a Border Collie and a Kangal

The Border Collie is a breed of dog that has earned acclaim for its smarts and work ethic. These dogs were initially developed to herd sheep on the borderlands between Scotland and England. They are well-known for their agility and problem-solving skills and are frequently ranked among the most intellectual dog breeds.

However, the Kangal is a massive breed that was originally from Turkey. Kangals were developed as livestock guardians due to their large size and natural protective instinct. These canines are trustworthy, independent, and brave.

Height19-22 inches30-32 inches
Weight30-45 lbs.110-145 lbs.
Life Span12-15 yrs.12-15 yrs.

History of Breeds

The Border Collie is a working dog that has been around since the 18th century and was initially bred for its herding skills. These canines were developed through selective breeding for their intelligence and physical prowess rather than their looks.

The history of the Kangal dates even further back; ancient Anatolia (present-day Turkey) was home to the Kangals. Nomadic shepherds developed them to keep predators like wolves and bears away from their flocks. They naturally look out for one another and are extremely loyal due to their family history.

Appearance of Border Collie versus Kangal

Two of the most iconic dog breeds in terms of good looks are the Border Collie and the Kangal. The Border Collie is an elegant and graceful work of art. They stand between small and large and have an air of sophistication. Kangals, on the other hand, are recognized for their regal greatness and intimidating presence.


The size disparity between these two breeds is very notable. Male Border Collies usually range in height from 19 to 22 inches and weigh 30 to 45 pounds, making them a medium-sized breed. Female Border Collie tends to be diminutive.

Males of the Kangal species are towering giants, measuring 30 to 32 inches at the shoulder and 110 to 145 pounds in weight. Females are likewise massive, though they’re much smaller than men.

Coats & Colors

Black and white, red and white, and tricolor Border Collies are some color combinations that may be found in this breed’s double coat. Their coat is silky; therefore, brushing them frequently is essential to prevent shedding.

A Kangal’s short, dense double coat is its identifying feature; the breed typically appears in shades of dun to steel gray with a black mask around the face. Their coat can withstand severe weather with little maintenance.

Difference in Personality & Temperament

The personality and temperament of a dog should be taken into consideration when choosing the breed. However, different breeds possess different characteristics that may have a major effect on the human-animal interaction. These include temperamental issues, health conditions, physical attributes among other characteristics that help in making sound decisions when considering ownership of dogs. It is important to understand a breed’s temperament to predict its behavior and meet its needs leading to stronger ties between the canine mate and the owner and the animal’s general welfare.


The Border Collie is a loving and devoted family pet. They develop deep attachments to their owners and flourish in social settings. Puppies can adjust well to family life if challenged mentally and physically.

Kangals are incredibly devoted to their families but also tend to look out for those they care about. They are well-known for their fierce loyalty to protecting livestock and property, which can extend to their human family members.


In general, Border Collies are tolerant of young people. Because of their high activity levels and upbeat disposition, they make excellent playmates for children. However, their natural tendency to herd prey could lead them to bite at the heels of children in an attempt to corral them.

Kangals are usually patient and kind toward children they have grown up with, but their natural protectiveness could make them wary of children they have never met before. They must be exposed to children at a young age to feel at ease with them.

Other People

Border Collies are known for their outgoing personalities and positive attitudes toward people they don’t know. They are a pleasure to have around visitors because they are intelligent and easy to teach.

Because of their protective nature, Kangals are often shy around new people. Introducing new people may need to be handled delicately to prevent them from becoming defensive.

Dogs & Other Animals

If appropriately socialized from an early age, Border Collies get along well with other dogs. They may attempt to herd smaller animals due to their natural herding instincts.

The Kangal is a dog with a high prey drive and a tendency to be suspicious of other canines, especially those of the same sex. They must be socialized and trained early to live peacefully with other animals.

Behaviour Issues

Border Collies and Kangals are unique breeds with unique traits and characteristics. However, their high energy levels and intelligence can lead to undesirable behaviors when not adequately managed. These include destructive behavior, excessive barking, herding instincts, anxiety and stress, escaping and roaming, and aggression.

Border Collies need a structured daily routine to prevent these undesirable behaviors, including physical exercise, mental stimulation, training sessions, and activities like agility, obedience training, and puzzle toys.

Kangals, on the other hand, have a protective nature that can develop undesirable behaviors if not properly trained and socialized. During critical socialization, increased hostility, territorial guarding, excessive aggression, isolation, and fearfulness can occur without exposure to different people, animals, and situations. Kangals should be socialized extensively from an early age, exposing them to various people, animals, and environments.

Training should focus on positive reinforcement and teaching appropriate behaviors in different situations. Clear structure and boundaries help ensure that their protective instincts are directed appropriately and they don’t develop undesirable aggression.

Comparing Training & Exercise

Border Collies are often regarded as one of the most intelligent and trainable canine species. They are eager to please their owners and learn quickly as a result. Border Collies are very trainable. Due to their excellent problem-solving skills, Border Collies are often called the canine Einsteins. They quickly pick up on new ideas and orders, making training sessions less of a chore.

Border Collies have tremendous energy levels and must have plenty of exercise opportunities and mental challenges, or they may become destructive. One to two hours of daily exercise is ideal for Border Collies. This can be achieved through intense play, games of fetch, and off-leash exercises. Mental exercise is just as crucial. They can satisfy their craving for mental challenges with puzzle toys, obedience training, and interactive games.

brown border collie on training

The Kangal’s stubborn independence makes training them more difficult. However, with the proper training, they can mature into obedient, well-mannered pets. Training a Kangal takes time, effort, and consistency. They are most receptive to interventions that use positive reinforcement or reward-appropriate actions.

Although Kangals are not as high-energy as Border Collies, they still require regular exercise and mental stimulation to thrive and maintain a healthy lifestyle. Daily walks suit Kangals because they help them stay physically healthy and give their boundless energy somewhere to go. Purpose can be restored through supervised livestock guarding or protection training that appeals to their natural protective instincts.

Taking Care & Maintenance of Border Collie versus Kangal

Owners of Border Collies and Kangals need to pay attention to various aspects of dog ownership, including the dog’s diet, health, and grooming, to name just a few of these aspects. Compared to the requirements of caring for other dog breeds, Border Collies and Kangals have distinctive necessities.

Take into account their emotional well-being, as well as their physical health, social needs, living conditions, bodily and mental safety, and living conditions, to give them a life that is complete and fulfilling.

Since you are the owner, it is up to you to ensure that the choices you make are in their absolute best interest.

Grooming a Border Collie versus Kangal

Maintenance is essential to dog care, and different coat varieties have different requirements. The differences between Border Collies’ and Kangals’ coats are reflected in their respective grooming requirements. Due to their double coat, Border Collies require frequent brushing to control shedding and avoid matting.

Even though a Kangal’s short, low-maintenance coat doesn’t need much grooming, it still benefits from being brushed regularly to maintain it healthy and free of dirt and debris. When deciding between these two breeds, consider your grooming habits and how much time you can devote to preserving their coats.


To make an educated decision about the grooming needs and level of upkeep required for your dog, it is crucial to understand the shedding habits of both Border Collies and Kangals. The stunning double coats of Border Collies are made up of two distinct layers: a short, dense undercoat and a longer, coarser topcoat. This synergy protects them from extreme temperatures, making them well-suited to chilly winters and steamy summers. This magnificent coat, however, also implies that they constantly lose hair.

Border Collies shed about the same amount each month. You can always count on having some stray fur on your person or in your home. However, their shedding is most noticeable when the seasons change, namely in the spring and fall. Kangals, on the other hand, benefit from having a shorter, denser double coat in their native Turkish habitat. Their coat can withstand dirt and debris while protecting them from the outdoors. Therefore, Kangals often require little in the way of upkeep in grooming and shedding.

The Kangals shed all through the year. You might find a few stray hairs here and there, but it will be less widespread than it is with other breeds. A Kangal could be a good fit for your family if you’re searching for a low-maintenance dog. Even though Kangals don’t shed much at all over most of the year, you can see a more noticeable shedding phase at the start and finish of each season. There may be more stray fur about during these changes.


Maintaining the physical well-being of your pet throughout his or her whole life should be one of your highest responsibilities.

Life Span

If given the right kind of care, Border Collies can live anywhere from 12 to 15 years if they are healthy and happy. This is one of the most defining features of the breed, which also happens to be their name. The lifespan of a Kangal ranges from 12 to 15 years, depending on the quality of care it receives.

Diet & Nutrition

Nutritious food is essential for both breeds, even though their requirements could be slightly different. Because of their high activity level, Border Collies require a diet rich in protein and other essential nutrients. They require high-quality dog food specifically made for their activity level to maintain their health and happiness.

Because Kangals are not as active as Border Collies, it is vital to carefully monitor the calories consumed to prevent them from becoming overweight. They require a diet that considers their size and the amount of physical activity they get.

Health Issues

Every breed of dog comes with its own unique set of potential dangers. Epilepsy, hip dysplasia, and abnormalities of the Collie eye are a few of the disorders that have been reported in Border Collies. These risks can be mitigated by adopting a healthy lifestyle and getting routine checks at the veterinarian.

There is a possibility that Kangals will suffer from hip dysplasia and bloat occasionally, even though they are generally healthy. Producing animals with appropriate care and responsibility could ease some of these issues.

Cost of getting a Border Collie versus Kangal

Before settling on an animal breed, it is crucial to consider how much money you are willing to spend, as this will influence your choice.


Kangal pups on grass

A Border Collie puppy can range from $800 to $2,500 when purchased from a reputable breeder. The puppy’s price is determined by the dog’s lineage and the quality of the dog’s parents.

Locating Kangal puppies in some regions may be more challenging, which could increase the cost of these dogs. On average, you should expect to spend between $1,500 and $4,000 to acquire a healthy Kangal puppy from a reputable breeder.

Breeders & Centers

To ensure a healthy and happy canine companion, locating a rescue organization or breeder with a good reputation in the community is essential. Given the massive interest in Border Collies as a dog breed, locating a reputable breeder of this particular type of dog should be easy. Rescue organizations may occasionally have Border Collies in their care that are available for adoption.

If you are looking for a reputable breeder of Kangals outside of their natural habitat, you might have a more challenging time locating one than searching within those regions. If you want to locate a source you can rely on, you must get ready to do a lot of research and go to many different places. There are other Kangal animal rescue organizations besides the ones listed here. Despite this, it is a distinct possibility that they need more resources.

Conclusion: Which Is Better, Border Collie or Kangal?

Whether a Border Collie or a Kangal is better depends on your particular needs, interests, and expectations from a dog. Go with a Border Collie when you’re the active type who loves to get out and about. Also, a Border Collie is perfect if you have researched and know that a dog can be trained to be intelligent and obedient. It would be best if you had a devoted, loving family member.

Moreover, pick a Kangal if you’re looking for a strong and watchful guardian to watch your cattle or valuables. Kangal is a good fit if you’ve worked with big, stubborn canines. Also, choose a Kangal if you need a trustworthy friend who will always be there for you and your loved ones.

Both the Border Collie and the Kangal are outstanding in their ways. The key to a long and happy life with your dog, no matter what breed you choose, is proper ownership, training, and care. If you choose wisely, your new pet will be by your side for years, providing unconditional love and devotion.

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