Border Collie versus Pomeranian – Complete Breed Comparison

Do you want a dog but can’t decide between the brilliant Border Collie and the cute Pomeranian? Finding the ideal breed for your household may seem daunting but have no fear! This article compares and contrasts their appearance, personality, and care requirements in detail. Moreover, it can also assist you in making a wise choice and finding the perfect pet for your family. Let’s dig in and figure out if the dazzling Border Collie or the charming Pomeranian is your ideal match in the canine world.

Characteristics of a Border Collie and a Pomeranian

Let’s start with the Border Collie, a breed lauded for its brains and work ethic. Border Collies, as befits a member of the herding group, are born to herd and respond exceptionally well to obedience and agility training. Because of their natural herding instincts, they make excellent companions for physically active people and families. This breed needs both mental and physical exercise regularly to stay healthy.

Conversely, the Pomeranian is a spirited and lovable toy breed that brings its own set of benefits. If you’re short on space yet want a cuddly pet, look no further than these tiny fluffy balls. Pomeranians may be little, but they pack a tremendous personality and are very devoted to their human companions. They are small and friendly enough to do well in small living quarters, making them ideal for retirees or families with few children.

Border ColliePomeranian
Height18-22 in.7-12 in.
Weight27-45 lb3-7 lb
Coat TypeDouble CoatDouble Coat
Coat LengthMediumLong
Overall FriendlinessVery GoodGood
Life Span12-15 yrs.12-16 yrs.

History of Breeds

The Border Collie’s ancestry may be traced back to the borderlands between England and Scotland, where the breed was initially developed. Shepherds in the early 19th-century British countryside needed a dependable herding dog to survive the region’s harsh terrain and climate. Intense concentration, or “the eye,” and dogged persistence helped the Border Collie breed develop through time into one that was ideal for herding sheep. Even now, their prowess in canine competitions never ceases to astonish.

In sharp contrast, the Pomeranian hails from the Arctic region and is known for its charming coat and lively disposition. Pomeranian dogs were bred to pull sleds and herd livestock in the historical part of Pomerania, which spans modern-day Germany and Poland. Queen Victoria, among other European aristocracy, was pivotal in promoting Pomeranians as a fashionable breed in the 19th century. The Pomeranian evolved from a hardy working dog to the charming toy breed it is today via selective breeding for smaller size and appealing features.

Humans’ ingenuity and flexibility in designing dog breeds to fit a wide range of purposes and lifestyles is on full display in the different paths taken by the Border Collie and the Pomeranian. The Border Collie and the Pomeranian, with their histories of being expert herders and hard workers, respectively, and their subsequent development into loving companions, are excellent examples of the special relationship between people and dogs.

Appearance of Border Collie versus Pomeranian

Two outstanding breeds, the Border Collie and the Pomeranian, share distinctive and alluring physical qualities that set them apart from other dog breeds and make them popular among dog lovers.

The Border Collie radiates an air of athleticism and agility, which is fitting given its reputation for intelligence and superiority as a herder. This breed is of medium size and has a perfectly proportioned physique, giving it a graceful and powerful stance. Their eyes have the shape of an oval and are usually a fascinating dark brown color. These eyes communicate intelligence and awareness.

Equally as appealing are the ears of a Border Collie, which are often held high and pricked up to assist them in being attentive while doing their herding duties. Their characteristic double coat contributes to their endearing allure. The top coat is dense and resistant to the elements and is available in various colors and designs. Their coat is beautiful, whether covered with dramatic black and white markings or rich sable hues.

On the other hand, the Pomeranian, with its lovely fluff and vibrant nature, enchants everyone with its charmingly small stature. This small breed is sometimes called a fluffy ball of fur due to its compact and well-proportioned body, which the breed’s name comes from. Their little, perked-up ears contribute to their overall adorable aspect, and their wide, expressive eyes give the impression that they are intelligent and a bit cheeky.

The luxurious double coat of the Pomeranian is unquestionably the breed’s defining characteristic. Their coat exudes sophistication and luxury no matter what color it is—bright orange, spotless white, or a blend of colors.


The Border Collie can be classified as a medium-sized dog. Males reach an average height of 19 to 22 inches (48 to 56 cm) at the shoulder, while girls average 18 to 21 inches (46 to 53 cm) in this measurement. Female Border Collies typically weigh between 27 and 42 pounds (12 to 19 kg), while males usually weigh between 30 and 45 pounds (14 to 20 kg).

On the other hand, the Pomeranian is a breed of little dog known for its charming coat and lively character. Pomeranians are about 7 to 12 inches (18 to 30 cm) at the shoulder, making them much shorter than Border Collies. Pomeranians weigh only around one to three kilograms (kg) less than the average dog, with a maximum of seven pounds (3 kg).

The Border Collie and the Pomeranian couldn’t be more different in size, so their owners would have to have very different lifestyles and tastes. Due to their moderate size, Border Collies make lovely pets for those with a large enough home and yard to accommodate an energetic, bright, and agile dog. Thanks to their size, they are ideally proportioned for various canine sports and outdoor pursuits.

On the other hand, the Pomeranian’s small stature makes it an ideal pet for people who have to make do with less space at home. Their diminutive size makes them suitable for anyone with trouble handling larger canines.

Coats & Colors

The coat of a Border Collie can be any one of many beautiful colors and patterns. The typical color schemes are black and white, red and white, and three-color combinations. They may also have merle patterns, in which blotchy areas of color emerge on an otherwise uniform background. While the double coat protects from the elements, it does require frequent grooming to prevent excessive shedding.

cute pomeranian dog at the park

On the other hand, the Pomeranian has an abundance of beautiful, fluffy fur that is just as eye-catching. They are available in a rainbow of hues, including but not limited to orange, black, white, blue, cream, and sable. Their double coat is thick and fluffy and needs to be brushed frequently to avoid matting.

The variety of colors and the beauty of the coats are part of the appeal of both breeds.

Difference in Personality & Temperament

Although both the Border Collie and the Pomeranian are cherished pets due to their unique qualities and characteristics, their dispositions couldn’t be more dissimilar.

There is a widespread consensus that the Border Collie is one of the most intellectual dog breeds. This breed has a high degree of trainability, a strong desire to please, and does exceptionally well in obedience training. Because of their sharp intellect and problem-solving ability, they can learn new things quickly and efficiently handle complex responsibilities.

In addition to their incredible skill and boundless energy, Border Collies thrive on the mental and physical challenge that comes their way.

Because they were bred to herd, they have an instinct to gather and maintain order, which can result in their herding other animals or even people if they need to be properly socialized.

On the other hand, the Pomeranian has a personality all its own. These little canines are recognized for having prominent personalities, exuding self-assurance while displaying a dash of feistiness here and there. Pomeranians are warm and caring toward their owners and frequently want their humans’ attention and company.

Despite their diminutive stature, they are capable of astonishing boldness and assertiveness, which enables them to function as fearless watchdogs. However, early socialization is crucial to ensure they acquire well-mannered habits and do not become unduly possessive or yappy as they age.

Because harsh training methods can negatively impact a dog’s temperament, it is essential to remember that both breeds respond best to approaches that incorporate positive reinforcement in their education. The personalities of these extraordinary breeds can be molded into those of loving, well-adjusted companions through early socialization, the accumulation of positive experiences, and persistent training.


The Border Collie develops strong attachments to its human family. They make great pets because of their kind nature and devotion to their families. They may attempt to herd children since it is in keeping with their herding nature. However, early socialization and training can channel these natural tendencies constructively, leading to a peaceful partnership.

The Pomeranian, on the other hand, is an excellent choice for households. They are loving and need lots of care from their loved ones. Pomeranians are lovely family pets because of their mild demeanor and lively nature. However, young toddlers must always be supervised to prevent accidental accidents due to their stature.

Overall, the Border Collie and the Pomeranian are known for their deep and committed relationships with their human families. The Border Collie and the Pomeranian make wonderful and devoted family pets due to their high intellect and natural herding instincts, respectively. With attention, these unique breeds can flourish in any home and become beloved family members.


The Border Collie is an excellent pet for families with kids. Their mild demeanor and warmth make them ideal for households with young children. Herding instincts can cause them to try to gather and control children if they are not socialized and trained as puppies. The Border Collie is a great playmate because, under adult supervision, it forms deep attachments with children via play and other outdoor activities.

On the flip side, the Pomeranian is great with kids. Pomeranians are an excellent choice for families with young children because of their small size, but teaching children how to interact gently with the breed is essential. A well-trained and socialized Pomeranian can be a loving and entertaining pet for children.

In the end, with the proper guidance, training, and socialization, the Border Collie and the Pomeranian may flourish in their relationships with youngsters.

Other People

Border Collies are amiable and social. If properly introduced, they are friendly to strangers. Intelligent and obedient, they respond to people. Early socializing is essential to guarantee well-adjusted behavior toward others.

The Pomeranian is also social. They like socializing. Pomeranians are charming and kind to strangers. Early socialization and favorable interactions with others help Pomeranians become confident and well-mannered.

Dogs & Other Animals

Despite its reputation as a herder, the Border Collie, like most dogs, may be friendly and sociable with other animals if appropriately socialized at a young age. Proper training and monitoring are necessary to guarantee peaceful interactions, as they may exhibit herding characteristics towards other pets, such as nipping or chasing.

Like other dogs, the Pomeranian may get along with other animals provided it is exposed to them appropriately and socialized at an early age. Because of their diminutive stature, they tend to get along well with other pets.

Behaviour Issues

The Border Collie’s vital intelligence and herding instincts make them prone to behavioral issues. They have a high work ethic and may show it through behaviors like nipping or herding humans or other animals. They need to be trained and mentally stimulated so that their boundless energy is put to good use and behavioral problems are avoided.

Similar issues, such as excessive barking or territorial behavior, have been observed in Pomeranians. Early socialization and persistent training are essential to combat these problems and encourage polite conduct.

Both breeds need consistent training and mental stimulation to avoid behavioral issues. With proper training and reinforcement, both the Border Collie and the Pomeranian can become obedient, socialized pets who enrich their owners’ lives while contributing to a more peaceful community.

Comparing Training & Exercise

The Border Collie requires mental and physical exercise to maintain health and happiness. This dog breed does particularly well in obedience and agility training, making them ideal for competitive dog sports. They need to exert themselves physically regularly to harness their unlimited energy efficiently. Herding exercises, retrieval games, and long walks are all great ways to keep your dog mentally stimulated and prevent destructive boredom-related behavior.

Despite their cuteness and energetic nature, Pomeranians have unique training and exercise needs. While Pomeranians are smart, they can also have an independent streak, so constant positive reinforcement training is essential. Obedience training, tricks, and other mentally stimulating but physically non-demanding games are perfect for them. They can be kept active and happy with daily walks and playtime in a safe place.

Border Collie on agility course, jumping

Early socialization helps both breeds develop into well-behaved adults who can be trusted as friends and companions. Both breeds greatly benefit from using praise and prizes as part of a positive reinforcement training program. Finding a happy medium between training and exercise is essential for these animals. Boredom, if adequately addressed, can lead to positive actions. On the other hand, Pomeranians’ small size makes them more prone to joint strain from overexertion.

Training and exercise are great ways to bond with your canine companion as an owner. The benefits of exercise extend beyond the body to include increased mental sharpness and general contentment. In conclusion, the Border Collie and the Pomeranian have different exercise and training requirements, but they both benefit from their owners’ enthusiastic participation and praise.

Taking Care & Maintenance Difference

Because of its rich double coat, the Pomeranian must have it groomed and maintained regularly. It is essential to brush the coat daily to prevent mats from forming and to keep their pristine condition. In addition, maintaining good oral health requires routine dental treatment consistently.

On the other hand, the Border Collie is one of the breeds that can reap the benefits of frequent grooming, particularly during the times of year when it sheds its coat. Brushing the coat once a week helps control shedding and ensures that it always looks its best. It is essential to provide this intellectual breed with mental and physical stimulation and ample opportunities for exercise and fun to maintain their contentment and good behavior.

In addition to regular brushing, both breeds require regular nail clipping, dental cleanings, and ear checks. The Border Collie may need to be bathed sometimes, especially if they spend time outside. However, Pomeranians require frequent grooming sessions to keep their pristine appearance. In a nutshell, the Border Collie and the Pomeranian need to be groomed and exercised regularly.

But the Pomeranian’s dense coat requires more attention than the Border Collie’s.

Dog owners can also use grooming sessions to check their pets for skin irritations, parasites, and other irregularities that could indicate a health problem.

Grooming a Border Collie versus Pomeranian

Responsible dog owners understand the need for regular grooming for their dog’s health, looks, and well-being.

The Border Collie’s gorgeous double coat looks best when well groomed. Regular brushing is essential for optimal coat health and to reduce shedding. Grooming regularly removes dead hair and keeps the coat and skin in good condition by preventing matting and knots.

On the other hand, the Pomeranian has a plush double coat to go along with its adorable disposition and fascinating fluff. The coat of a Pomeranian, like that of a Border Collie, needs frequent brushing to look its best. Maintaining a healthy, fluffy coat requires regular grooming to remove dead hair and remove mats.

Grooming is crucial to the Border Collie and Pomeranian’s care routine. Their coats are kept in tip-top shape and pristine appearance thanks to weekly upkeep and regular brushing. Adopting a normal grooming routine strengthens the connection between dog and owner and makes the dog feel and look great, making a great first impression on everyone they meet.


The Border Collie’s shedding is about average. It has a deep undercoat and a weatherproof outer coat and needs to be groomed frequently to control shedding. Shedding, however, is manageable and can be reduced with regular brushing.

The Pomeranian, despite its plush coat, sheds just a moderate amount. They need regular brushings to eliminate stray hairs and keep their double coat from matting. To keep their coats pristine, they must be groomed frequently.

Both dog breeds shed heavily twice yearly, in the spring and autumn. Even though neither the Border Collie nor the Pomeranian is known for shedding a lot, would-be owners should expect to engage in frequent grooming sessions to maintain their houses hair-free.


We must grasp their unique health challenges to be good pet parents and give our furry companions the best chance at a long, healthy life. Working closely with a reliable breeder who does extensive health exams on their breeding dogs is crucial to reduce the likelihood of your dog developing a genetic disorder. Also essential for early diagnosis and treatment of health issues are a healthy diet, frequent exercise, and regular veterinary checkups.

Life Span

The Border Collie, a breed widely admired for its brains and agility, can expect to live between 12 and 15 years. Yet, like other breeds, they could be susceptible to particular diseases.

On the other hand, the Pomeranian has a lifespan of 12-16 years due to its pleasant nature and beautiful coat. Pomeranians are a tough breed, but there are several health issues that new owners should be aware of.

Diet & Nutrition

Pomeranian at the table

Active and intelligent Border Collies need a balanced diet with high-quality protein. Raw feeding or a high-protein diet is best to fuel their active lifestyle. Fresh water is essential for hydration, especially during exercise.

Pomeranians need a well-balanced diet too. To avoid obesity, feed your dog high-quality, portion-controlled commercial dog food. Regular, smaller meals sustain metabolism and energy.

Health Issues

Collie Eye Anomaly (CEA) is a common cause for concern because it is an inherited eye ailment that can affect a dog’s vision in varying degrees. Hip dysplasia is an inherited disorder that typically prevents the hip joint from developing, causing pain and difficulty moving. In addition to macular degeneration and retinitis pigmentosa, progressive retinal atrophy (PRA) is a genetic eye illness that can lead to progressive blindness. Ensuring routine screenings might help with the early detection of eye and hip issues.

Due to a lack of space in the Pomeranian’s mouths and overcrowding of their teeth, they frequently experience dental problems such as cavities and gum disease. They must get their teeth brushed twice daily and see a dentist twice yearly to keep their smiles healthy. The collapse of the trachea, a weakening of the windpipe that causes breathing difficulty and a chronic cough, is another ailment that can affect Pomeranians. Stress on the trachea can be reduced through weight control and using a harness for a collar while walking.

Some hereditary problems, like epilepsy and luxating patella (loose kneecap), are more common in both breeds and may necessitate lifelong veterinary care and control.

Cost of getting a Border Collie versus Pomeranian

Buying a dog is essential, but the costs continue beyond there. Responsible pet ownership requires knowing the cost of feeding, grooming, healthcare, and training.

Begin with the intelligent Border Collie, known for herding. The actual cost exceeds the purchasing price. Border Collies’ busy lifestyles require a high-quality diet that costs $40 to $60 per month. Given their short to medium-length double coat, grooming expenditures are low. Regular brushing prevents shedding.

Border Collies may have inherited disorders, including Collie Eye Anomaly and hip dysplasia, making pet care important. Annual veterinary checkups, immunizations, and preventive drugs cost $500–800. Obedience classes or expert trainers might cost $200 to $600, but mental health requires training and socialization.

Like the Border Collie, their monthly food costs are $40–60. Due to their luxurious double coat, which requires regular brushing and professional grooming, grooming costs maybe $60 to $100 monthly.

Pomeranians are generally healthy, but dental troubles and collapsed trachea may require regular veterinary visits and $500 to $800 in annual medical bills. Pomeranians need $200 to $600 in training and socializing to become well-behaved, confident pets.


A respectable breeder’s Border Collie puppy might cost $600 to $1,200, depending on pedigree and history. Meanwhile, with their charming fluff and lively nature, Pomeranian puppies cost $1,000 to $3,000 from reputable breeders.

Breeders & Centers

A Border Collie can cost anywhere from $600 to $1,200 from a breeder, with fluctuating prices based on criteria such as the dog’s genealogy, pedigree, and geographic proximity. Because of the time and money they put into their breeding programs, reputable breeders can command a higher price for their pups.

On the other hand, a Pomeranian puppy can set you back anywhere from $1,000 to $3,000 or more directly from a breeder. Factors such as coat color, size, and breeder reputation are all in the higher price range, but the breed’s overall popularity and demand are the most significant drivers.

Adopting from a rescue center or shelter can save you money on the cost of either breed, typically between $50 and $300. This solution helps you save money while giving a homeless dog a good home.

Conclusion: Which Is Better, Border Collie or Pomeranian?

The Border Collie or Pomeranian relies on your lifestyle, time commitment, and canine experience. With its superior brain and herding instincts, the Border Collie needs a busy lifestyle and mental stimulation. With its lovely fluff and friendly temperament, the Pomeranian is better for households with limited room and time for intensive training.

Whether you choose the lively Border Collie or the charming Pomeranian, love, care, and the correct surroundings are the keys to a happy partnership. Your breed will become a beloved family member with proper care and commitment. Happy pet-parenting!

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