Border Collie vs Japanese Spitz Comparison

Border Collies and Japanese Spitz are two of the most known breeds of dogs in the world. Both breeds have a fair share of similarities and differences. One example is that both excel for their intelligence, loyalty, and energy, making them great family pets. However, they have different needs that you should provided and temperament to understand.

The Border Collie is a herding breed known for its intelligence, power, and athleticism. They make great family pets and are commonly used as working dogs. The Japanese Spitz is a companion breed with a bright personality and loves being around people.

They are loyal and loving companions that are easy to care for with regular grooming needs. Both breeds have vital health records and can live up to twelve years or more with proper care. These two breeds’ unique characteristics make beautiful additions to any household looking for an energetic pup!

Comparing Key Characteristics of Border Collie and Japanese Spitz

When choosing a pet, the Border Collie and the Japanese Spitz are two of the most popular breeds. Both breeds have distinct looks, personalities, and temperaments, making them appealing companions. They vary in size, intelligence levels, trainability, energy levels, and grooming needs.

Dog breed Border Collie Japanese Spitz
Country of Origin Scotland Japan
Origin year 1700 1921
Breed type Pure breed Pure breed
Lifespan 12-15 years 10-16 years
Personality & Temperament energetic, protective, alert, intelligent, loyal, responsive affectionate, loyal, intelligent, proud
Coat Smooth or rough double coat Double thick coat
Height 18-22 inches 10-16 inches
Weight 30 to 45 pounds 11 to 20 pounds
Family friendly Yes Yes
Kids friendly Yes Yes
Stranger friendly Yes Yes

Breed History of Border Collie and Japanese Spitz

The Border Collie is a hardworking and intelligent breed that has been bred for centuries to herd livestock. This breed originated in the border counties of England and Scotland in the 1700s and were used by farmers to herd sheep and cattle.

By the 19th century, Border Collies had become popular as working dogs for shepherds due to their intelligence, agility, stamina, and strength. They are also often used today as guide dogs for the blind or handicapped or as search-and-rescue dogs. The Border Collie is an incredibly versatile breed that is capable of adapting to many different environments and tasks.

On the other hand, the Japanese Spitz was first brought to the world in 1921 at a dog show. It is believed that the white German Spitz, which was popular in the 1920s, is the direct ancestor of this breed.

This breed has evolved over the years, but it still retains many traits that made it so beloved when it was first introduced to the world in 1921. The Japanese Spitz was recognized and given official standards as a breed in 1948, enabling pet owners to appreciate its attractive qualities better. This consequently increased its popularity among people who wanted to own a companion dog.

Appearance of Japanese Spitz and Border Collie

The Japanese Spitz is a small to medium-size breed of dog with a thick coat of white fur. It has a short muzzle, black eyes, and a high-set tail that curls over its back when excited. The Border Collie is larger than the Japanese Spitz, with medium to longish fur in various colors, including black, brown, and tan. It has an alert expression and an athletic build that helps it excel at agility competitions and herding tasks.

Breed Size

The Border Collie is a herding breed usually ranging in size from 18 to 22 inches, while the Japanese Spitz is a companion breed with an average length of 10 to 16 inches.

The Japanese Spitz is a small breed, typically weighing 11 to 20 pounds at full maturity. On the other hand, Border Collies are slightly larger dogs, typically weighing around 30 to 45 pounds when they reach adulthood.

With a smaller size, Japanese Spitz may be better suited for those who live in apartments or small spaces, while Border Collies require more space due to their larger size.

Coats & Colors

The Japanese Spitz has a thick coat of fur that is usually white, although other colors, such as black and cream, are occasionally seen. They have a double thick coat composed of an inner layer of downy undercoat and an outer layer of longer guard hairs. It can be groomed fairly quickly by brushing once or twice weekly to remove dead hair and maintain its luxurious look.

While Border Collies are known for their remarkable coats in many colors and lengths. Their coats range from straight to feathered, short, or moderately long. They usually have a double coat, with a dense outer layer of thick and weatherproof fur, while the inner layer of fur is soft and insulating.

The outer layer of fur also helps protect the Border Collie from cold weather while working outdoors. The shape of their coat depends on the length, with shorter coats being more streamlined while longer coats have more volume. It is important keep in mind that although some owners prefer to keep their dogs’ coats short, this may prevent them from efficiently performing specific tasks due to the lack of insulation or protection that a longer coat provides.

The coat color of Japanese Spitz and Border Collie are quite different. While the Japanese Spitz has white fur, Border Collie has a wider range of color variation that ranges from black and white to red and white, tan, seal, lilac, sable, brindle, or even tricolor combinations.

Personality & Temperament of Border Collie vs. Japanese Spitz

Border Collies are highly energetic, protective, and alert dogs with a unique temperament. This breed is known for their intelligence, loyalty, and responsiveness. Their tenacity and alertness make them excellent guard dogs and great family pets. They are brilliant and can be trained easily with patience and consistency.

Border Collies have the instinct to protect their owners from any harm or danger that may come their way. They have an uncanny ability to sense danger, making them the perfect companion for anyone looking for a loyal friend who will always be there to look out for them.

Border Collies also have an immense learning capacity, making them perfect candidates to learn tricks, agility courses, flyball, or even become service dogs. Their tenaciousness can make them very determined to complete tasks assigned to them by their owners, ensuring they do it with enthusiasm and dedication every time.

While the Japanese Spitz is a knowledgeable and curious dog who is eager to please. Japanese Spitzes are highly affectionate and loyal and make excellent companions for those looking for a devoted friend. They also have a proud demeanor and love to show off their accomplishments to those around them. This dog breed can be an excellent addition to any family with proper training and socialization.

Family with Border Collie vs. Japanese Spitz

Border Collies and Japanese Spitz are both excellent family dogs. They are loyal, intelligent, and affectionate, making them ideal companions for a family. Border Collies and Japanese Spitz also have an impressive ability to adapt to different environments, making them great family pets. They can learn commands quickly and don’t require too much training or exercise.

Kids with Japanese Spitz vs. Border Collie

Border Collies and Japanese Spitz have an innate desire to please their owners, which makes them ideal pets for kids. Both breeds have a gentle nature and are good with children, making them the perfect addition to any household with kids.

Moreover, both breeds are loyal and intelligent, so your children will be able to teach them tricks easily. From playing fetch to doing agility courses, Border Collies and Japanese Spitz can make great lifelong playmates for your kids.

Other People

Border Collies and Japanese Spitzs have unique characteristics that make them attractive to dog owners. Border Collies are known for their intelligence, good temperaments, and friendliness towards strangers. On the other hand, Japanese Spitzs tend to be aloof and not as friendly towards strangers.

Dogs & Other Animals

Border Collies and Japanese Spitz are two breeds of dogs renowned for their intelligence and friendliness. They are excellent family pets, as they get along well with other animals and humans. They both have a natural affinity for people and animals, often forming strong bonds with their owners and other pets in the house.

In addition to that, they are known to be highly trainable due to their innate intelligence. As such, they can quickly learn how to interact with other animals in a manner that is appropriate and playful. Border Collies and Japanese Spitz make great companions for humans and animals alike!

Behaviour Issues

The risk of behavioral issues comes with the Border Collie’s high-energy and intelligence. They require a lot of physical and mental stimulation. Unfortunately, when their needs aren’t met, they can develop behavior issues such as aggression, barking excessively, separation anxiety, and trying to herd people or other animals. Understanding the behavior issues of Border Collies is key to help them reach their full potential as loyal and loving companions.

The Japanese Spitz is an intelligent, alert, and loyal breed of dog that can make wonderful family pets. However, they can present some behavior issues if not properly trained. These include barking and howling excessively, being highly excitable, chasing small animals and other dogs, and having difficulty interacting with unfamiliar people or animals.

Training & Exercise of Border Collie vs. Japanese Spitz

Border Collies are known for their intelligence, obedience, and loyalty. They thrive on human interaction and need plenty of exercise and attention to stay healthy and content. While training a Border Collie can be challenging, ensuring they become well-rounded, obedient dogs that make loving family companions is essential.

To successfully train a Border Collie, owners must establish themselves as the pack leader while providing rewards-based instruction reinforcing wanted behaviors. Training should begin early, teaching basic commands such as sit, stay, come, and heel. Exercise should also be incorporated into the training sessions to keep their minds active while reinforcing good behavior at the same time.

The Japanese Spitz is an active dog, requiring at least one daily walk. While walks are essential for the Japanese Spitz, he needs more than that to maintain his health and happiness. Training and exercise are necessary for the Japanese Spitz to stay mentally fit and physically healthy.

With proper training, Japanese Spitz can learn obedience commands, remain calm in public places, and learn new tricks. Adequate training also helps them be good companions in their home environment. Exercise is equally important for these dogs as they need it to maintain their mental and physical health.

Taking Care & Maintenance of Border Collie and Japanese Spitz

Japanese Spitz requires minimal maintenance and is easy to take care of. This small-sized dog is known for its low-maintenance needs and requires minimal grooming. On the other hand, if you’re into a slightly more active dog, then the Border Collie might be a better choice. This high-energy breed requires moderate maintenance to keep its coat healthy and clean.

Grooming Comparison

The Japanese Spitz is a low-maintenance breed that only requires weekly brushing to keep its coat healthy and in top condition. This dog breed is known for its fluffy white fur, which can be maintained with regular brushing and occasional trimming. Grooming your Japanese Spitz is integral to taking care of them and ensuring they look their best. This breed can remain healthy and happy for many years with the proper grooming routine.

Border Collies need regular grooming and maintenance to keep their fur looking healthy and shiny. Daily brushing is required to remove dead fur and prevent matting during shedding season. You must also give your Border Collie regular baths to help keep its coat clean and free from dirt or parasites. By following these simple steps, you can ensure that your Border Collie always looks its best.


The Border Collie is known for their excessive shedding. Their coats comprise two layers – the topcoat and the undercoat. These two layers make them prone to shedding throughout the year, especially during seasonal changes.

The shedding of Border Collies is a high-maintenance problem for many owners. Grooming them regularly is essential to keep their coats healthy and reduce shedding. Regular brushing with a slicker brush will help remove loose fur from their coat and prevent matting. Bathing every few months can also help remove dirt and dead fur stuck in their coat.

Japanese Spitz is known for their hypoallergenic coat, which makes them great pets for people with allergies. However, despite having a low-shedding coat, they still shed some fur and require regular grooming.

Despite being low to medium shedders, Japanese Spitz will still shed some fur throughout the year. This shedding can vary depending on the individual dog’s age and seasonal climate changes. To help keep the shedding to a minimum, it’s important to brush your Japanese Spitz regularly and use unique products specifically designed for dealing with shedding fur from this breed.

Health of Border Collie and Japanese Spitz

Border Collies are generally a hardy and healthy breed with few known health issues. They possess solid immunities and a remarkable ability to withstand physical strain due to their high energy levels. Additionally, their thick coats protect them from the elements, enabling them to live in all kinds of climates comfortably.

The Japanese Spitz is considered a generally healthy breed with a lifespan of around 12 to 16 years. However, certain conditions have been found within the breed that can affect their general health. One such condition is Patella Luxation, which affects the knee joints and can cause lameness. Owners of Japanese Spitz need to have their pet tested for this condition by their veterinarian to ensure that it remains healthy and free from pain.

Life Span of a Japanese Spitz vs. a Border Collie

Regarding lifespan, both the Japanese Spitz and the Border Collie have relatively long ones. The Japanese Spitz is known to live an average of 10 to 16 years, while the Border Collie has a life expectancy of 12 to 15 years. While both these breeds can enjoy a long and healthy life, their owners should be aware of specific health issues that may shorten their life span.

Diet & Nutrition

When it comes to providing the best possible nutrition for your Border Collie, it is important to choose high-quality dog food that meets the specific nutritional needs of this breed. A balanced diet with a decent amount of protein and carbohydrates will help ensure optimal health for your dog.

Beyond diet control, you should also ensure your dog stays physically active so its weight is kept in check. Providing healthy snacks and setting aside time for exercise can help contribute to a healthy lifestyle and maintain your pup’s desirable weight.

For Japanese Spitz, they require a well-balanced diet to stay healthy. To maintain their energy levels, they need to get the right amount of nutrients from their food. It is best to feed them twice a day, preferring the morning and at night, to ensure they’re getting all the nutrition they need throughout the day.

Health Issues

Border Collies are one of the most brilliant and active breeds of dogs. However, their health issues can affect their quality of life if not addressed. Common problems include epilepsy, hip dysplasia, and collie eye anomaly. All these ailments are mainly due to their genetic background, so knowing what to look out for is essential when considering getting a Border Collie.

Epilepsy is a neurological disorder commonly seen in Border Collies, which can cause seizures and other symptoms such as restlessness and aggression. Hip dysplasia is another common issue due to an abnormally formed hip joint, which may cause pain or lameness in the dog. Lastly, collie eye anomaly is an inherited disorder of the eyes that can lead to vision loss over time if not treated properly.

Japanese Spitzes, just like any other dog breed, can suffer from various health issues with some of the common are obesity. This leads to many other issues such as joint pain and difficulty breathing. They are also prone to eye problems such as ingrown eyelashes and a lower eyelid that rolls inward, which may need medical attention.

Owners of Japanese Spitz need to be aware of these potential health issues so they can take the necessary steps to ensure their pet stays healthy and happy. Regular vet visits should be part of their routine care to identify any underlying illnesses or conditions early on.

Cost of Border Collie vs. Japanese Spitz

When it comes to finding the right pet to add to your family, the cost of the breed is an essential factor to consider. Border Collies and Japanese Spitz are both popular breeds but differ in cost. The price of a Border Collie depends on the age of the dog and its country of origin, and its health condition.


Border Collies generally cost between $800 and $1500, while Japanese Spitz usually cost between $1000 to $2500. There are a lot of other factors to consider when selecting a breed, such as health concerns, grooming needs, and temperament. However, if budget is an important factor in your decision-making process, you should weigh the costs associated with each breed before committing to one.

Breeders & Centers

Breeding and caring for border collies and Japanese spitzes is a big responsibility that requires dedication and knowledge. While the two breeds have many similarities, they also have distinct differences that need specific care.

Border collies establish their name with their intelligence and agility, while Japanese spitzes are known for their friendly personalities and cute looks. Both breeds need access to exercise and attention to maintain good health. With this facts, it is essential to research breeders & centers specializing in either breed before deciding which one to adopt or purchase.

Breeders & centers of border collie and Japanese Spitz provide potential owners with valuable information about the breeds, including their characteristics, health issues, training needs, grooming requirements, temperament traits, and more. This is invaluable information when deciding which breed to bring home from a breeder or center.

Conclusion: Which Is Better, Border Collie vs. Japanese Spitz?

Deciding which breed of dog to get can be difficult, as there are so many breeds out there that all have unique traits and characteristics. When it comes down to it, both the Border Collie and the Japanese Spitz are good dogs that can fit into different lifestyles and interests. However, the question of ” which is better” can only be answered by looking at your lifestyle and needs to determine which dog breed better matches your interests and lifestyle.

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