Similarities and Difference between Pitbull and Border Collie

Border Collies are known for their herding instincts and intelligence while Pitbull is an affectionate breed known for its loyalty and love towards its human. Both breeds have their unique traits, and careful consideration in choosing ensures you are keeping a pet that suits your lifestyle and ability to meet their needs.

Characteristics Difference between Pitbull and Border Collie

what to expect from owning a Pitbull

Border Collies are a dog breed of moderate size specifically bred to herd sheep in the mountainous regions of the border between Scotland and England. American Pitbulls on the other hand are loyal dogs. They are very fond of people, particularly their owners. This is despite the inaccurate stigma against Pitbull-type dogs for being aggressive. To know more about Pitbulls and Border Collies, the following may bring you closer to these dogs.

Characteristics Border Collie Pitbull
Energy Owners must commit time to exhaust its energy. These breeds are recognized for their strength, energy, agility, and power. They require ample exercise and mental stimulation to ensure their well-being and contentment.

They are ideally suited for active owners, as well as households with older children.

Trainability They possess exceptional trainability and intelligence, allowing them to learn quickly and excel in a wide range of canine sports.

They demonstrate their aptitude in activities such as obedience, flyball, agility, tracking, and flying disc competitions.

Wants to please owners and very smart breed. They exhibit an impressive capacity for effective training and can quickly learn a diverse range of tricks and commands.


Appearance These medium-sized herding breeds are known for their sturdy and agile bodies on a lean frame.

Typically weighing up to 45 pounds, they maintain a constant air of alertness. Their distinct appearance is characterized by ears that stand tall atop their heads, often accompanied by a black and white coat pattern.

With large, square-shaped heads, they exude an imposing presence.

Their chests are robust and well-defined, further enhancing their overall strength and power.

History of Breeds

The Border Collie, has a rich history dating back to the 1700s. Throughout the centuries, the Border Collie has become renowned for its remarkable skills in herding, making it an indispensable asset to sheep farmers in the border area connecting Scotland and England. The breed’s development closely parallels the advancements in livestock farming and the wool trade throughout the United Kingdom and its colonies.

In 1976, the Border Collie received official recognition from the Kennel Club in Britain, taking over registration duties from the International Sheep Dog Society (ISDS). The dogs previously registered with the ISDS formed the foundation for the Border Collies that are now registered with the Kennel Club.

The Pitbull breed has a complex history spanning over 2,000 years. Its roots can be traced back to the United Kingdom, where it was selectively bred from the Old English Bulldog and the Old English Terrier. Originally, Pitbulls were involved in blood sports such as:

  • Bull-baiting
  • Bear-baiting
  • Cockfighting

Over time, their role shifted to becoming catch-dogs for wild animals and cattle driving. Despite their origins in these brutal activities, Pitbulls demonstrated loyalty and protectiveness, earning them the affectionate nickname “Old Family Dog.”

In 1898, the United Kennel Club (UKC) formation marked a significant turning point for the breed. Chauncy Z. Bennet, a prominent figure then, rebranded the breed as “American Pitbull Terriers.” This renaming highlighted their American connection and distinguished them from their English counterparts.

Today, Pitbulls continue to showcase their versatility as capable working dogs, assisting in herding and hunting tasks. Furthermore, they have also become beloved household pets, demonstrating their adaptability and companionship qualities.

Appearance Comparison

The Border Collie is a dog of moderate size recognized for its balanced and muscular physique. It possesses a unique head structure, and its ears, which are of medium size, are positioned comfortably apart. They can take different positions, often with a slight fold at the tip.

Pitbulls are characterized by their muscular build, broad chest, and strong legs. Also, they have this square-shaped head with a broad skull, a strong jaw, and a square, fleshy nose. Their eyes are typically almond-shaped and of considerable size. Overall, Pitbulls exhibit a powerful and robust appearance, reflecting their strength and athleticism.

The Border Collie’s eyes are one of its most remarkable features, oval-shaped and available in shades of brown or light blue. Their intense gaze and keen eyesight contribute to their exceptional herding abilities, allowing them to control flocks with remarkable focus. Unlike some working breeds, this dog has a long, bushy tail that constantly wags enthusiastically, demonstrating their inherent zest and liveliness.


Border Collies typically display a range of sizes. Still, on average, they stand between 18 to 27 inches in height at the shoulder. They weigh approximately 27 to 45 pounds. In terms of length, they typically measure from 28 to 34 inches. Males generally tend to be larger than females, with a height and weight ranging from 24 to 27 inches and 30 to 55 pounds. Conversely, females have a standing height of 18 to 26 inches and weigh around 30 to 45 pounds.

Pitbulls, particularly the American Pitbull Terrier, are considered a medium-sized breed with sizes varying depending on the specific dog and lineage. On average, they typically reach a height ranging from 17 to 21 inches or 43 to 53 centimeters at the shoulder. Regarding weight, males generally weigh between 35 and 60 pounds or 16 to 27 kg. Females typically weigh between 30 and 50 pounds or 14 to 23 kg.

It’s important to note that these figures represent averages. Border Collies and Pitbulls can exhibit a wide range of sizes, with some individuals being larger or smaller than the stated averages.

Coats & Colors

Border Collie looking strange

Border Collies come in two primary coat types: rough and smooth. Each type has a double coat. The rough coat, of medium length, showcases delightful feathering on the body from the legs, belly, and chest. Conversely, the smooth coat is characterized by its shorter and coarser texture. Nevertheless, regardless of the coat type, all Collies possess a slightly wiry outer coat and a soft, insulating, woolly undercoat. This unique double coat keeps these intelligent and active dogs well-protected in various weather conditions.

Also, these dogs display a variety of coat patterns, which includes:

  • Bicolor
  • Tricolor
  • Sable
  • Merle
  • Ticked
  • Speckled patterns

Common color combinations observed in Collies include black and white, brown and white, and red and white. Additionally, rarer color variations, such as lilac, slate merle, and brindle, can be found within the breed.

Pitbulls possess a single coat that lacks a layered undercoat, characterized by short hairs of uniform length. They exhibit a wide array of colors and patterns. Recognized by major kennel clubs, standard Pitbull colors include:

Recognized Colors Non-Standard Colors Common Colors
●       Black

●       Blue

●       Red

●       Fawn

●       Merle

●       Black and tan

●       Liver

●       80% white

●       Black

●       Red

●       Chocolate and black

●       White or tan and white

Tricolor Pitbulls can exhibit six different base colors combined with white and tan markings. Blue Fawn Brindle Pitbulls are particularly sought after for their appealing color combination. Additionally, Bronze Pitbulls feature a brown muzzle and eye rims, falling within the color spectrum of red and liver variants.

Personality & Temperament Difference

To ensure a Border Collie’s well-being, you must be prepared to provide plenty of exercise and mental stimulation. This breed thrives when given physical and mental challenges, which is essential for their pleasure and overall health. Regular activities such as brisk walks, running, or participation in canine sports like agility or flyball are required to fulfill their high-energy needs.

Pitbulls are a breed of dog that, unfortunately, carries a controversial reputation when it comes to temperament. However, with responsible ownership, proper training, and socialization, they have the potential to be excellent family pets. They have a playful nature and often enjoy participating in games and dog sports alongside their owners.


Before bringing a Border Collie into your family, specific issues should be carefully considered. While Border Collies make excellent family dogs, satisfying their demands is critical to their happiness and the general contentment of their owners. They are very energetic dogs who thrive in active households. They are ideal for adults and families that enjoy physical activities and can provide their canine friends with plenty of exercise and mental stimulation.

Border Collies require early training due to their strong herding instinct. These intelligent dogs thrive in situations with structure, stability, and defined boundaries. Border Collies can be a fantastic addition to families devoted to giving a disciplined and structured approach to their dog’s upbringing.

Pitbulls have the potential to become excellent family dogs, known for their loyalty, affection, and people-oriented nature. However, it’s crucial to understand that each dog, regardless of breed, is unique and may exhibit different temperaments and behaviors. Proper socialization, care, training, and supervision are paramount for Pitbulls to ensure their safety and promote gentle behavior.

While Pitbulls are not naturally guard dogs, they may display protective instincts towards their human family members if they perceive a threat. Pitbulls have a history of being bred for work and companionship, contributing to their popularity as family pets. Many Pitbulls are known for their gentleness, loyalty, and love for their human families.


Border Collies can present unique challenges when it comes to their interaction with small children due to their strong work ethic, lively personalities, and innate herding instincts.

On the other hand, with proper management, these dogs can still become excellent companions for kids. It is essential to be aware of these factors and consider them before introducing a Border Collie into a household with young children.

  • Age: Age-wise, waiting until children reach the age of 6 is generally recommended before introducing a Border Collie into the household. This recommendation is due to the breed’s high energy levels and strong-willed nature, which can pose challenges to younger children.
  • Supervision: This is especially crucial when Border Collies are around babies and young children. The Border Collie’s high energy levels and inclination towards behaviors such as chasing and barking necessitate constant supervision to ensure the safety and welfare of both the dog and any children involved.
  • Aggression: While Border Collies are not inherently aggressive, it is important to know that they may bite if they feel threatened or annoyed.
  • Socialization: This plays a vital role in the development of Border Collies. Introducing them to kind and friendly interactions with children is essential. If the dog becomes overly excited or attempts to herd the children, intervention, and discouragement of such behavior is necessary.

Pitbulls generally have a positive and loving nature towards children, displaying tolerance and a nurturing disposition. However, it’s important to be mindful that individual Pitbulls may exhibit fear or discomfort around children, which could result in aggression or growling as a defensive response.

To ensure a safe and harmonious interaction, it is recommended to allow the Pitbull to approach children at its own pace, giving it the necessary time to feel comfortable in their presence. Patience, understanding, and respecting the dog’s boundaries are vital in fostering a positive relationship between Pitbulls and children. Here are some tips for interacting with Pitbulls and children:

  • Wait until children are older: It is advisable to wait until children are around 8 to 10 years old before introducing a Pitbull into the household. This takes into consideration the breed’s high energy levels and exuberant nature. Thus, ensuring a better match between the dog’s needs and the capabilities of older children.
  • Teach children to respect the dog: To promote a safe and harmonious interaction, it is important to teach toddlers and young children how to interact respectfully with the dog. They should be educated about the importance of gentle and calm behavior, avoiding actions such as pulling on the dog’s tail or ears, poking, or engaging in rough play.
  • Supervise playtime: Supervising playtime between Pitbulls and children is crucial due to the breed’s energetic nature and strength. Keeping a watchful eye during playtime helps prevent any potential accidents or harm.

Other People

The reactions of Border Collies to strangers can differ based on their unique personality, training, and socialization. While some Border Collies may bark when strangers enter their territory, displaying a protective instinct towards their social group, they generally tend to be good with unfamiliar individuals.

However, it is important to note that Border Collies can be sensitive to overstimulation and require sufficient physical activity to maintain their well-being. Early socialization and positive training are key in helping Border Collies develop healthy interactions with strangers.

  • Socialization: Socialization is vital in preventing aggression towards strangers in Pitbulls. It must be done from a young age by exposing them to various people and animals to help them feel comfortable and well-adjusted in different situations.
  • Behavior: When it comes to meeting new people, Pitbulls can display varying temperaments. Some may exhibit outgoing and friendly behavior, while others may be more reserved or demonstrate poor greeting manners.
  • Signs of aggression: It’s essential to be aware of the signs in Pitbulls. Dominant, aggressive behavior may include excessive barking, a puffed-out chest, snarling, growling, and displaying teeth. However, it’s important to note that some dogs may not exhibit clear warning signs before engaging in aggressive behavior. Being attentive and proactive in addressing any signs of aggression is vital to ensure the dog’s and others’ safety.

Dogs & Other Animals

Border Collies have a natural herding instinct that can affect their behavior towards other dogs. While they can develop positive relationships with other dogs, it may take effort and training. Initially, Border Collies may not be friendly towards other dogs due to their herding instincts, which can lead to nipping or herding behaviors. They are generally not aggressive but can show their discomfort. Border Collies may display aggression toward perceived threats to their pack and act defensively toward unfamiliar animals if they lack trust.

Due to their breeding history, Pitbulls may react to other animals, particularly dogs. They were initially bred for vermin hunting, which can contribute to their tendency to chase and potentially harm smaller animals. Establishing consistent and firm leadership with Pitbulls is essential to ensure good behavior.

While many Pitbulls can get along with other pets, managing a household with multiple Pitbulls can be challenging. Their breeding for drive and intensity in fights, combined with their strength and agility, means they can cause serious harm to other animals. Taking preventive measures and prioritizing safety is crucial in a multi-Pitbull household to avoid conflicts and keep all dogs safe.

Behaviour Issues

To prevent behavioral problems in dogs, implementing several strategies is important. Firstly, puppy-proof your home by removing items that may encourage negative behaviors and provide continuous supervision. Secondly, utilize positive reinforcement to reward desirable behaviors and discourage aggression.

Maintaining consistency in training and rules among all household members will also be wise to make sure everything is clear. Of course, don’t forget to consider obedience training to establish a strong foundation and address any behavior issues, seeking professional assistance if necessary. Lastly, ensure your dog receives regular exercise to prevent boredom and excess energy, which can contribute to undesirable behaviors.

By incorporating these strategies, you can foster positive behavior and proactively prevent potential issues in your dog.

Training & Exercise

Pitbull in the water

It is critical to meet Border Collies’ high activity needs to ensure their physical and emotional well-being. It is typically advised that they get 1 to 2 hours of exercise daily. At the same time, individual demands may vary depending on age, health, and activity level.

Various exercises are popular among Border Collies that can assist in meeting their exercise needs while activating their instincts. Walking and running are excellent hobbies that provide both physical and mental stimulation. Herding trials allow them to use their innate instincts in a regulated and safe setting.

Another fantastic choice is agility training, which challenges their physical talents and keeps their wits alert. Swimming is a low-impact sport that provides an excellent workout for Border Collies with joint concerns.

Pitbulls are lively and muscular dogs who need frequent exercise to be healthy and avoid destructive behavior. It is critical to offer them daily walks and runs to address their physical needs while encouraging socializing.

High-intensity aerobic exercises like sprints and uphill running can be advantageous to further build their muscles. Furthermore, weight pulling is a good workout for increasing strength and endurance. Starting with modest weights and progressively increasing the load over time can assist pups in safely developing their muscles.

Creating an obstacle course with jumps, tunnels, and other challenges can stimulate Pitbulls physically and mentally. This activity keeps their minds stimulated while offering an enjoyable and challenging workout.

Taking Care & Maintenance

Meeting a dog’s physical and emotional requirements is part of caring for them. This involves frequent physical activity such as walks, running, and fun. Creating a nice sleeping place with a cozy bed or blanket is critical.

Proper hygiene and behavior instruction should be implemented. Spending quality time, expressing affection and attention, and engaging in mentally stimulating activities all contribute to meeting emotional needs.

Regular veterinary examinations and immunizations are required for their well-being. Overall, a balanced approach to physical and mental care guarantees that the dog lives a happy and healthy life. Paying attention to changes in their behavior and seeking veterinary care when needed is essential while other considerations include but not limited to the following:

  • Licensing and identification
  • Regularly checking for fleas and ticks
  • Keeping medicines and harmful substances out of their reach

By addressing these aspects, you can ensure the well-being, happiness, and safety of your dog.

Grooming a Pitbull versus Border Collie

Finding the right professional groomer for your dog can be a daunting task. Luckily, there are several steps you can take to make the process easier.

  • Get Recommendations: The most reliable way to find a trustworthy dog groomer is by seeking recommendations from trusted sources, such as friends, family, coworkers, acquaintances, veterinarians, or a dog trainer. These people can provide valuable insights and personal experiences to help you make an informed decision. By tapping into their recommendations, you can increase the likelihood of finding an experienced, reliable groomer who meets your dog’s grooming needs.
  • Do Your Research: You can use the internet to search for professional groomers in your local area. These can provide convenient access to a diverse range of groomers, and you can read reviews from other customers to gain valuable insights into their experiences.
  • Call the groomer: Once you have narrowed down your list of potential groomers, take the initiative to call the ones you are interested in. Inquire about their certification and ask about their experience. This is an opportunity to address any concerns or questions you may have about the care of your dog.
  • Be patient: Avoid rushing into a decision and prioritize your comfort level with the groomer you choose. Take the necessary steps to gather information, ask questions, and assess their qualifications and approach to grooming.

While it is true that finding a trusted dog groomer is quite a challenge, following the steps mentioned should give you a roadmap on what to do.


Border Collies are known to be moderate to heavy shedders, with shedding occurring throughout the year and increasing during shedding seasons. During these times, they “blow their coat,” shedding the undercoat and the longer overcoat. Regular brushing is essential to manage Border Collie shedding, particularly during shedding seasons effectively. Additionally, helpful tips include using anti-shed shampoos, providing a nutritious diet, and ensuring your dog remains adequately hydrated.

Pitbulls are considered moderate shedders, with consistent shedding occurring year-round. Their short coats shed less compared to breeds with longer hair. Suppose you notice an excessive amount of shedding. In that case, it is recommended to seek advice from a veterinarian to eliminate the possibility of any underlying health problems.

Managing Pitbull shedding involves regular grooming, including brushing. It is crucial to select appropriate shampoos and topical products that suit their sensitive skin.

By incorporating these practices, such as regular grooming, proper brushing, and appropriate product selection, you can effectively control shedding and maintain your Border Collie’s and Pitbull’s coats in good condition. Additionally, these practices promote overall skin and coat health for both breeds.

Health Comparison between Pitbull and Border Collie

There is a consensus that Border Collies are considered healthier than Pitbulls. The American Pitbull Terriers are known to have more frequent health issues compared to other breeds. But we will figure out more about that in the following paragraphs.

Life Span

The average lifespan of a Border Collie ranges from 10 to 17 years, with an average of 12 years. Some of these dogs (if they’re lucky) can even live up to 18 years. Various elements just like diet, exercise, healthcare, and genetics play a role in determining their lifespan. In contrast, Pitbulls have a lifespan of 8 to 16 years, with the average American Pitbull Terrier living between 12 and 14 years. Although some Pitbulls have surpassed the age of 20, most tend to reach their teenage years.

Both breeds have the potential for relatively long lifespans when provided with proper care and attention to their health needs.

Diet & Nutrition

what's the ideal diet for your dog

A high-quality dog food should consist of a balanced combination of meat, vegetables, grains, and fruits. It is crucial to observe your dog’s behavior and physical appearance for any signs of adverse reactions to their diet, such as:

  • Itching
  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • A dull coat
  • Lethargy
  • Weight gain

With a wide range of brands and formulas available, selecting the right food can be challenging, but seeking recommendations from your veterinarian can provide valuable guidance. They can assess your dog’s lifestyle, body condition, age, breed, and specific health needs to estimate their daily caloric requirements and suggest an appropriate and nutritious diet.

Besides, consulting with your veterinarian ensures that you make an informed choice and provide your dog with a suitable diet for optimal health.

Health Issues

Border Collies and Pitbulls are unique dog breeds with distinct health issues. Understanding and awareness of the prevalent health issues connected with each breed will help you manage any health issues effectively and proactively maintain your dog’s general well-being.

Knowing about these breed-specific health disorders allows you to predict and address future health difficulties. It is critical to be aware of the specific health hazards that Border Collies and Pitbulls may experience throughout their lifetimes.

Health Issue Border Collie Pitbull
Hip dysplasia Yes Yes
Dental disease Yes No
Eye Problems Yes Yes
Osteochondritis Dissecans (OCD) Yes No
Allergies No Yes
Heart disease No Yes

By scheduling regular visits to the veterinarian, you can ensure the well-being of your dog and address any concerns before they escalate. Adopting a proactive approach to your dog’s healthcare ensures that they receive the essential care and interventions needed to preserve their well-being and overall quality of life.

Cost of breeding a Pitbull versus Border Collie

Breeding Border Collies is a meticulous process that requires thoughtful consideration and a focus on quality rather than quantity. Breeders must carefully select breeding pairs based on specific traits or desired colors while avoiding excessive breeding for the pet market.

Breeding for working ability necessitates a deep understanding of the breed’s characteristics and capabilities. Responsible breeders must be knowledgeable about potential genetic disorders and take measures to minimize their occurrence. Familiarity with recognized breeding methods based on genetics is essential for making well-informed decisions and ensuring the production of healthy and well-rounded litters of Border Collies.

Breeding Pitbulls requires thoughtful consideration and responsible practices. Reputable breeders meticulously select high-quality dogs, taking into account their history and bloodlines. They carefully evaluate the reasons for breeding, considering the associated expenses and responsibilities.

Before breeding, it is essential to have the dogs undergo health evaluations conducted by a veterinarian to ensure their fitness for breeding. Typically, these evaluations are done after the female’s first heat cycle, around 12-15 months of age. Breeders have a vital responsibility for the well-being of the puppies for up to eight weeks after birth, requiring extra care and attention during this critical period.


Border Collie pup prices are subject to several influencing factors, such as:

  • Color
  • Gender
  • Age
  • Location
  • Pedigree

Notably, reputable breeders often offer Border Collie puppies at an average cost ranging from $700 to $2,000. However, it is crucial to understand that show-quality puppies may command higher prices in the market.

Additionally, the initial setup and supplies for a Border Collie can range from $500 to $600. Monthly expenses for owning a Border Collie can vary between $125 and $500. It is essential to consider these costs when budgeting for a Border Collie and ensuring you have the necessary financial resources to provide for their well-being.

The price of a Pitbull puppy can vary based on factors such as the breeder’s reputation, breed type, rarity, etc. On average, a Pitbull pup from a reputable breeder may cost between $500 and $2,500. However, certain rare breeds like the Hulk can command prices as high as $55,000. It is crucial to conduct thorough research on the breeder’s reputation and ensure the puppy’s health before purchasing.

Breeders & Centers

It would be best if you considered getting your next dog from a breeder or rescue group for various reasons. Choosing a trustworthy breeder allows you to view the puppy’s parents in person, giving you significant information about how your puppy will look as an adult. You can also acquire a better picture of the environment in which the puppy spent its early months. Working with a respected breeder guarantees that you have a thorough understanding of the dog’s breeding and ancestry.

On the other hand, breed-specific rescue organizations provide another option for locating a dog that matches your interests. These groups work to rescue and rehome certain breeds from shelters. This allows you to give a dog a second chance while finding a companion who meets your interests.

Whether you go with a breeder or a rescue organization, carefully considering your options can help you find a loving and compatible dog that fits your lifestyle and interests. Besides, choosing to get a dog from a center also offers significant advantages:

  1. Adopting from a center gives an animal a second chance, particularly those from abusive homes. While these rescue animals may require some tender loving care to overcome their previous trauma, they often display gratitude for the fresh start they receive.
  2. Adopting from a center can save you money. Shelters typically have veterinarians on staff who address minor health conditions, and most centers and rescue organizations spay or neuter the animals before adoption, sparing you the financial burden.
  3. Most dogs in centers have been evaluated for behavior and compatibility with other pets and children, providing reassurance in terms of their temperament.
  4. Opting for mixed breeds from centers can reduce the risk of health concerns commonly associated with purebred dogs.

Conclusion: Which Is Better, Pitbull or Border Collie?

Determining which breed is “better” between the Pitbull and the Border Collie is subjective and depends on various factors. Both breeds have unique strengths and qualities, and what may be considered ideal for one person may differ for another. Assessing your own lifestyle, preferences, and requirements is essential when choosing a dog breed.

The Pitbull is known for its strength, athleticism, and loyalty. However, Pitbulls require proper training and socialization to exhibit good behavior. Due to their strong physical abilities, they may be better suited for active individuals or families who can provide regular exercise and mental stimulation.

On the other hand, the Border Collie is renowned for its intelligence, agility, and herding instincts. These dogs are known for their boundless energy and require ample exercise and mental stimulation. They thrive in environments where they can engage in mentally challenging tasks and have a job to do.

Ultimately, the “better” breed depends on what you seek in a dog and your ability to meet its needs. If you are an active individual seeking a loyal and protective companion, the Pitbull may be a suitable choice. Conversely, the Border Collie could be a better fit if you are interested in a brilliant and trainable dog that excels in activities and enjoys mentally stimulating tasks.

It is important to note that both breeds require responsible ownership, proper training, socialization, and adequate care. Additionally, consider factors such as space, time commitment, and experience with dogs when deciding. Consulting with breeders, trainers, and veterinarians can also provide valuable insights into each breed’s characteristics and help guide you toward a suitable choice for your specific circumstances.

Leave a Comment